The continuous increase in logistics demand for cold chain transportation monitoring

The total demand for food cold chain transportation monitoring and control logistics is the result of the combined effect of variables such as per capita food consumption of urban and rural residents, population size, cold chain circulation rate of various types of food, and cold chain links. Any change in the index will drive food coldness. Chain transport monitoring changes in the total demand for logistics. The increase in the level of residents' income directly promotes the upgrading of food consumption. The increase in per capita consumption of fresh food, together with the ever-expanding total size of the urban population, makes the cold chain transport monitoring logistics. The demand is total and will continue to increase.

(I) Continual increase in per capita consumption of fresh food

In the past decade, China’s economy has continued to grow at a rapid rate. China’s per capita GDP increased from US$1042 in 2001 to US$5,432 in 2011. The average increase was 42.13%. The per capita consumption of urban residents increased from 7160.8 yuan in 2001 to 2011. In the year of 1,8749.6 yuan, the per capita consumption level of rural residents increased from 1969.0 yuan to 5633. Yuankou. With the increase in the level of economic development and the level of resident consumption, the annual per capita consumption of fresh food for residents has been steadily increasing.

From the statistical data for the 16 years from 1995 to 2011, the per capita annual consumption of fresh food for urban residents and rural residents showed a steady growth trend, with meat, poultry, aquatic products, and fruits all showing a linear upward trend; rural residents’ vegetable consumption has The decline. The consumption of vegetables for urban residents was stable.

(II) Continuous increase in consumption of fresh food

According to the sixth census report, the number of people living in cities and towns increased from 457.06 million in 2000 to 66.557 million in 2010. The population living in rural areas dropped from 80.83 million in 2000 to 67.415 million in 2010. The proportion of urban population in 2010 accounted for 49.68%. Compared with 2000, it increased by 13.46 percentage points.

According to the number of urban resident population and the annual per capita annual food consumption of Table 3-1, the annual consumption of fresh food for urban residents in the country increased from 642.207 million tons in 1995 to 146.286 million tons in 2011 (an increase of 127.79%). Among them, 79.139 million tons of vegetables, 35.934 million tons of melons and fruits, 6.927 million tons of aquatic products, and 24.2951 million tons of meat and poultry.

(III) Rapid growth of consumer I of frozen food

In the past ten years, the market for various types of frozen food (0°C-10°C) in large and medium-sized coastal cities has been growing. Cooked foods, fresh milk, soy products, raw noodles, semi-finished products, prepared foods, and other traditional products are gradually entering the circulation of cold chain logistics. The variety of frozen foods has continuously increased, and the number of main types of rice noodles has increased from 20 to more than 30. Livestock, poultry meat products and aquatic products also have great development. The monitoring results of 1,200 chain stores in the Commercial Information Center of the China National Trade Bureau show that frozen food has 205 brands. The quality of products has been greatly improved over the past, increasing market credit, and the products of some large and medium-sized backbone enterprises have been higher. The brand awareness, consumers began to look for the brand to buy products. In the five major categories of frozen foods, modulation food developed rapidly, with an annual growth rate of nearly 10%. At present, there are eight major categories of quick-freeze brewed foods.

Rapidly-frozen foods in China have developed rapidly in recent years, increasing at a high rate of 35% per year. Food categories cover the five industries of grain and oil, fruits, vegetables, livestock and poultry, and aquatic products. The monitoring of the consumption of cold chain transport commodities has been steadily increasing in recent years, especially in cities. The annual growth rate is basically above 5%. According to statistics, the average annual per capita frozen food has about 10 kilograms, among which the quick-frozen rice noodle is the first consumer category of quick-frozen foods, accounting for 36.8% of the total consumption of all frozen foods. In 2010, the national output of frozen rice noodles was 2,978,500. Tons, per capita possession of about 2.3 kilograms.

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