China''s cold chain transport monitoring challenges

With the rapid development of our country's society, cold chain transport monitoring companies have emerged continuously, and have shown a trend of standardization, scale, networking, and group development. However, on the whole, the development of cold chain logistics in China is still in its infancy, and the scaled and systematic cold chain transportation monitoring system has not yet formed. There is still a gap compared with the development of modern agriculture, household consumption and the expansion of agricultural product export demand. Only by fully understanding the following defects in the cold-chain transport monitoring industry in China can we effectively cope with the harsh challenges of the world stage.

1. Cold chain transportation monitoring and loss of the process of loading

The post-production loss of agricultural products in China is serious, and the corruption rates of fruits, vegetables, meat, and aquatic products are respectively 20%-30%. In urban residents' food consumption expenditure, perishable food consumption accounts for 51%, but about 90% of meat, 80 % of aquatic products, large quantities of milk, and soy products are basically shipped and sold without the guarantee of cold chains. In the United States, 70% of the leeks have to go through the cold chain professional treatment to market, but our country is less than 5%. Due to high losses during transportation and handling, the entire logistics cost accounts for 70% of the cost of perishable foods, far higher than the international standard of 50%.

2. Inadequate cold chain facilities and cold chain equipment

At present, there are about 50,000 heat-preserving vehicles in China, most of which are retrofitted, and the mass of the refrigerators is relatively low. The loading and unloading of perishable items is also not operated in the normative cold chain, that is, fruits, vegetables, poultry, and aquatic products. It is transported by ordinary trucks. As for railway cold chain transportation, there are a total of approximately 350,000 vehicles in operation in the country, of which refrigerated trucks account for 2%, only about 7,000 vehicles, and are mostly old-fashioned mechanical frozen car wagons. The cold transport volume accounts for only the most perishable cargo transports. 25%, less than 1% of the total rail freight container. In terms of cold storage capacity, China's current total cold storage capacity is about 8.8 million cubic meters. Many cold storages are limited to the frozen storage of meat and fish, and the equipment is old and not fully functional. . In other words, the lack of cold chain facilities and cold chain equipment in China, together with the old facilities and equipment, as well as the uneven distribution of development, are currently unable to provide the basic guarantee for cold chain logistics throughout the entire agricultural logistics system.

3. Cold chain logistics management and operation technology needs to be strengthened

Cold chain insulation technology, temperature control facilities, cold chain logistics management and operation personnel, and full cold chain operation management system are not far from international cold chain operation standards, resulting in information asymmetry in the cold chain and causing perishable items to be transported. There is no need to delay the storage period or the risk of depletion of perishable goods has increased sharply.

4. The whole cold chain monitoring system has not yet formed

A complete cold chain includes production areas, processing, storage, transportation and distribution, and sales. In order to fully ensure product quality and reduce losses, cold chain logistics requires that products in the production, storage, transportation, sales to the various aspects before consumption must be in the appropriate temperature environment necessary for the product. At present, there are relatively few companies in China that can independently carry out integrated cold-chain logistics services such as pre-cooling, circulation processing, warehousing, transportation, and distribution. Although there are certain cloud-free cold storage and refrigerated transport fleets, the service functions are simple and the scale is not. Large. The scope of service is small, cross-regional service network has not formed. It can not provide market-wide comprehensive logistics services.

5. Inadequate professional service of manufacturers cold chain logistics

Due to the shortage of professionals and the severe lag in infrastructure, compared to the development trend in the international market, China's cold-chain logistics industry is still in its infancy, and the vast majority of cold-chain logistics suppliers can only provide simple services such as refrigerated transportation. It is not the entire cold chain logistics service. Compared with ordinary logistics, the cold chain logistics system has greater control over service prices, distribution channels and product quality clouds. At present, fewer cold-chain logistics suppliers can absolutely guarantee the temperature control of the supply chain, so that most manufacturers cannot outsource the cold-chain logistics business. The vast majority of self-operated business operators, even outsourcing, Limited to regional partial distribution and short-haul cold-chain transportation, this phenomenon has to some extent hindered the sound development of cold-chain logistics.

6. Lack of regulations and technical specifications for cold chain transport monitoring

Cold chain logistics is a very complex system engineering. To ensure that no quality and market safety issues occur at every link, a sound legal system, unified standards, and technical specifications are the basis for ensuring the operation of cold chain logistics. However, the laws and regulations of cold chain logistics in our country are not perfect. There are no uniform standards and technical specifications for the facilities, equipment, operating procedures and control measures of cold chain logistics, and HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) management is generally implemented in developed countries. The system is still in the stage of initiation for improvement.

7. The cold chain logistics market needs to be subdivided

The scope of products applicable to cold chain transportation monitoring is divided into three categories: First, primary agricultural products. Including sulfur vegetables, fruits, meat, poultry, eggs, aquatic products and flower products. The second is processed foods, including frozen foods; poultry, meat, aquatic products, such as packaged cooked foods, cold drinks and dairy products. The third is special items such as medical supplies. Different kinds of commodities have different temperature and humidity requirements in the logistics environment. The cold storage temperature in China is generally set at OTC -4°C and 22'C~18'C, and a few cold storages are set at below 28°C. This kind of storage temperature design meets most of the temperature requirements for commodity storage, but the optimal storage temperature for different commodities is not the same. From the perspective of ensuring the quality of commodity storage and extending shelf life, different commodities should be set to their optimum The storage temperature. That is, cold-chain logistics companies must subdivide the existing cold-chain market. At the same time, they must simultaneously consider seasonality and temperature differences in product storage.

Well, let's make a summary. With the rapid expansion of markets and enterprises, the five major issues that restrict the development of the cold chain logistics industry are to be solved: 1. The cold chain system has not yet been completed. 2. The cold chain facilities are relatively old. 3. The development of third-party cold-chain logistics lags behind. 4. The standardization of the cold chain system needs to be improved. 5. Five major issues, such as the low level of logistics informationization. In short, the future cold-chain transportation monitoring is an era in which challenges and opportunities coexist.

Shenzhen Jiutong IOT Technology Co., Ltd. was founded in 2006 and is a national high-tech enterprise specialized in oil level sensor manufacturers. Main service products: cold chain monitoring, cold chain transportation monitoring, container remote monitoring, commercial vehicle scheduling management, fuel consumption monitoring and management, intelligent electronic locks, mobile asset monitoring, refrigerated truck temperature monitoring, cargo temperature monitoring, remote drug monitoring, customs Container supervision, vehicle fuel consumption monitoring, automotive fuel level sensors, generator oil level sensors, mixer oil level sensors, truck fuel consumption monitoring, construction vehicle fuel consumption monitoring, oil level sensor manufacturers, trucks electronic locks, gps electronic locks, logistics electronic locks.

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